POMES CENTER WORKS IN THE CREATION OF NEW VARIETIES OF APPLES
PROGRESS OF THE GENETIC IMPROVEMENT PROJECT, DEVELOPED JOINTLY BY ANDES NEW VARIETIES ADMINISTRATION (A.N.A. CHILE) AND THE INTERNATIONAL FRUIT OBTENTION (IFO), WAS PRESENTED.
April 21, 2017
A day of field work in Pelarco County, close to Talca, was one of the instances in which the progress of an associative project supported by Corfo, where the Pomes Center, Andes New Varieties Administration (A.N.A. Chile) and the International Fruit Obtention (IFO) - expert in genetics of apple orchards -, seek to generate apple varieties adapted to climates of the central zone.
"Apple Tree Associative Genetic Improvement Program" (PMG) is the name of this initiative that started in 2013 and it is expected that in 10 years it will get final results according to the objective of obtaining cultivars with high fruit quality and appearance, adapted to the conditions of warm weather and high solar radiation, characteristics of the orchard zone of Chile, and with an approach to the export market. These efforts are intended to prevent the migration south of the entire culture of the apple tree, in search of areas that present less stressful conditions.
Advances in the selection of the material were shown in a field day held recently in Pelarco, which was attended by nurseries associated with A.N.A., professionals from this company and from other PMG of the Bio-fruits Consortium, which presented the project, and the Pomes Center.
The project manager, José Antonio Yuri, explained that "the high heat stress climatic conditions, not very favorable for the development of the fruit color, requires the development of new varieties of high pigmentation and low susceptibility to changes in Post-harvest, associated with growth in situations of high thermal and light stress."
"Among the major damage we seek to minimize in the new cultivars for the central zone of Chile are sun damage and nutritional imbalances," said Yuri, director of the Pomes Center.
For his part, the manager of A.N.A., Luis Fernandez, also highlighted the alternatives of the genetic improvement project for the development of new varieties that meet the requirements of adaptation to the traditional area for apple production in Chile. “They are varieties generated under the local climatological conditions, in our type of industry and the markets that we can access", he said.
In this field day it was presented a selection of hybrids generated in Angol. Other hybrids are being produced in San Fernando and Molina.
"Is a 10-year project and we have already advanced in the first three. It is part of a program that began with IFO, a French company that has made available a germplasm that has been accumulating for more than 30 years. They perform the breeding and send the seeds, which are selected and planted in Chile. The expected result at the end is to generate at least two varieties with commercial potential," added Fernandez.
Concerning the same project, in addition to visiting the hybrids planted on the field, the representatives of the agencies interested in knowing these advances, toured the facilities of the Pomes Center and visited the laboratory and the chambers where post-harvest studies and evaluations of the selected ones.
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