SCHOOL OF MEDICINE EXPORTED ITS CLINICAL SIMULATION MODEL TO SPAIN

THE CLINICAL PRACTICE METHODOLOGY IS BASED ON COLLABORATIVE LEARNING AND IS PART OF THE IMPROVEMENT PLAN DEVELOPED BY THE UNIVERSITY WITH THE SUPPORT OF THE GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.



June 15, 2016

Strengthening ties with the principal Spanish state University, positioning the School of Medicine on the international context and confirming its academic quality were some of the achievements of the Universidad de Talca, thanks to the fact that academics of this program "exported" a clinical simulation model created in this Academic Institution, and applied it to students of the Department of Medicine of the University of Barcelona.

It's a teaching model whose strength is based on the collaborative learning of the participants and it has a structure of four sequential stages. In this way, the direct involvement of the students in the preparation of clinical settings and in the subsequent interpretation of results obtained during the academic sessions is allowed. This methodology responds to the challenge of incorporating new procedures concerning clinical practice, including the developed, since 2012, of the simulation center currently used by all the health related programs of the University.

"It is an innovative model which became our hallmark at the School of Medicine, capable of addressing new teaching methodologies, especially on relevant issues proper to clinical practice", said Professor Claudio Cruzat, Director of the unit.

For its part, Professor Sergio Guíñez, said "we are proud for the recognition to our work and to position the name of our School Of Medicine as an exporter of knowledge. The Department of Medicine of the University of Barcelona, founded in 1450, is number one in Spain. That they show interest in our models and knowledge fills us with pride".

The professor explained how the possibility of exporting this methodology to Spain was born: "we wrote a scientific paper, in conjunction with the Director of the Center for Clinical Simulation at the Department of Medicine of the University of Barcelona, Carmen Gomar Sancho, and then we began to collaborate on the applicability of our model in other cultural contexts. In this way, together with Professor Patricio Maragaño (director of the UTALCA Clinic Simulation Center) we were invited, as academics, to the 2015-2016 course of that medicine program".

Clinical Skills

The clinical simulation model was created in framework of the improvement Plan (TAL 1303), that the UTALCA promotes with the support of the Government Department of Education, in order to develop clinical skills in the undergraduate students of health sciences, focusing on the training of skills and abilities, through the use of cutting-edge technologies related to clinical simulation, tele-medicine and digital pathology, reinforcing at the same time the health coverage in the Maule Region.

The first stage of the model consists in the design of a collaborative learning situation, which is prepared by the professor in charge and its academic team. The next phase is the preparation of a clinical case among peers or students to explain the capabilities and restrictions of simulators, in order to avoid surprising elements that hinder the correct development of learning activities. "The professor becomes a facilitator in the design process of the case, delivering tips, clarifying doubts and guiding each of the groups in the preparation of the simulation scenario", said the academic.

In the next phase in the development of the clinical case, the designer group assigns roles and chooses those who will be responsible for carrying out the tasks, subsequently, the medical scenario is presented to fellow classmates (the treatment group), where they are put into a specific context, be it in emergency or as outpatient.

Afterwards, the feelings and emotions of those who did the medical intervention, to consider them during the next stage, are captured.

Finally, in the "debriefing",  a reflection on the clinical case is carried out, an instance where the professor rescues the reactions of participants, clears doubts, teaches and evaluates the development of each of the situations studied.

Academic Level

Professor Patricio Maragaño stressed the excellence of the students of the European University. "We remarked that, concerning the application of our simulation model to the teaching of arrhythmia management at the Emergency Unit, the academic level displayed by the students of Medicine of the University of Barcelona is comparable to the one you find in our students," he said.

The school of Medicine of the UTALCA will continue with this methodology in most of the clinical simulation workshops of its own curriculum. In parallel, the University of Barcelona will apply it in three Medicine courses during 2016-2017: Urology, Psychiatry and Cardiology.



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