EXPERTS DISCUSSED LABOR INFORMATION RIGHTS AT UTALCA
PROFESSORS FROM SPAIN, PERU, AND CHILE RELEASED REGIONAL FIGURES ON THIS MATTER AND COMPARED THE CHILEAN REALITY WITH OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE CONTINENT.
June 21, 2016
Specialists examined the international reality of labor information rights in a seminar held at the Auditorium of the Department of Law and Social Sciences and organized by the Labor and Social Security Law Study Center (Centrass) of our University.
The analyses concerning this subject were made by Professors Rodrigo Palomo, Deputy Manager of Centrass; Eva Garrido, Professor of Labor Law at the University of Cadiz, Spain; Guillermo Boza, Professor from the Universidad Católica del Perú, and Wendoling Silva Reyes, lawyer and Head of the Department of Labor Relations, at the Labor Bureau. Each of them spoke about the conceptual scope, regulation formulas and application problems with data from Spain, Peru and Chile.
As explained by Professor Palomo, the seminar was conducted in the context of a Fondecyt Initiation in Research project that he heads, called "The Rights of Information of Workers Representatives: Basis for Reformulating Its Legal Recognition in Chile".
The researcher pointed out that one of the purposes of the project aims to examine the scene to which we belong. "We are light years away from the information and participation rights in Europe, the truth is that we believed to be in a better position within the Latin American context, but it is not the case." By way of example, he argued that "in the context of this project, we have been able to know the Peruvian reality, with Professor Boza, and we saw a reality closer to the Latin American settings, but outperforming the Chilean one".
On this aspect, the Peruvian scholar stressed that "the right to information in Latin America does not go through a good moment, it is not very developed". He also said "in the case of my country, in particular, there is much to be done. I've mentioned to them the issue of the right to information in the particular area of collective bargaining, but regarding collective dismissals, information should be provided, or in the case of the participation of workers in the enterprise, about security and health at work".
Something similar said Eva Garrido, as Chile, "is in a very primitive state that needs a boost from the legislative point of view, to promote something that is considered quite important for labor relations, which is that workers have access to certain information that is managed in the company, as a means of being involved in its operations".
As to how to reverse the current situation in Chile, the Professor spoke of "a boost at the regulations level" and she added that "first, we need that the laws be committed to the development of what would be a first basis of the right to information and then, through the drive of action, the unions, with the collaboration of employers, can advance a little more, because from that first development there should be a minimal recognition from the rules in order to subsequently boost those rights to information.
From the perspective of Wendoling Silva, one of the main problems is the low attendance of workers in such organizations, and she remarked that "unionization in the country is close to only one per cent, therefore the information that this guild can have, is different from the one all workers can get, because more than 90 percent of them do not have access to such data, since they are not organized".
According to the organizers of the meeting, through the analysis of the mentioned issue, it is sought to make a contribution to the workers, given that, when having access to information, they can better understand their labor rights and thus prevent that they are violated in one way or another.
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