COMMEMORATION OF THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE AGRARIAN REFORM STARTED
AS A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY COMMITTED TO THE HISTORY OF THE REGION, OUR ACADEMIC INSTITUTION HIGHLIGHTS THE MEANING OF THE PROFOUND TRANSFORMATIONS INVOLVED IN THAT PROCESS.
June 22, 2017
The great relevance and impact of the agrarian reform in the country and in the Maule Region will be highlighted in a series of actions initiated by our University, with the upcoming celebration of the 50th anniversary of this process that generated structural changes in the rural world.
One of the initiatives is the development of the Fondart project "Half a Century of Agrarian Reform in the Maule Region: Facts and Testimonials in Documents and Regional Media". In charge of its implementation will be a team integrated by Paula Manríquez; President Alvaro Rojas and the professional specialist Pia Martinez, who will review the records of various writing media, monographs and academic documents, reports, records and testimonies of the protagonists to rebuild, in the new generations from this material, the memory of the main social facts linked to agrarian reform in the Maule Region.
"The Maule Region was witness of a great process and I believe that documenting this part of the regional history, of the economic, social and cultural heritage history of this country, is a relevant objective so that, in the future, the generations that will follow us can know the facts that changed the face of Chilean agriculture," said the president.
In this context, he proposed to compare the past with the present situation and, in this regard, he said that until the decade of the 60s the rural world had serious shortcomings: "80% of the households were without wastewater assessment systems, 90% had dirt floors, 70% with no electricity and 40% without water."
"More than 600 thousand Chileans did not receive their wages in money, but in goods. It was an absolutely excluded sector for decades; the tenants were in a sort of late slavery in our country. On the other hand, there were large, inefficient farms, for whose owners they served more to show positions of power rather than productive with respect to make a contribution to the Chilean economy", he said.
The president, who is a specialist in agricultural economics, argued that, in that scenario, agriculture not only did not contribute to the economic development, but that the country had to import food. On the contrary, he argued that currently - and even if, in its opinion, the reform was not fulfilled as it should be-, the panorama is totally different, with a modern agricultural sector, technological and efficient, linked to the world's major markets with exports in the order of 20 billion dollars.
As part of the commemoration of the 50 years, on 28 July the University will held a seminar to contribute to reflect about its impact on the Maulean zone. This event will take place in the Abate Molina Hall, between 8:30 and 13:30 hours.
Renowned exhibitors will participate, like Lovell Jarvis, professor of Agricultural Economics from UC Davis; Angel Flisfisch and Sergio Gómez, both at Flacso and FAO; Claudio Robles, professor of economics at the Usach; Senator Carlos Montes and the Agricultural Economist Emiliano Ortega. In closing, a farmer from the region will tell his experience in the process.
"This seminar is intended to inform the community about how these 50 years of agrarian reform history have been. The fact that various actors participate allows us to have different views on what meant the implementation of this public policy in the life of the Mauleans," said Paula Manríquez.
She added that the activities of the project not only include the collection of information from the written and audiovisual media of the time, but also to collect testimonies of the protagonists of this part of history.
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