All human activity produces something that goes generally unnoticed, they are the Greenhouse Gases (GHGS). Its high concentration in the atmosphere alters a natural cycle, producing an increase in the temperature of the earth which implies an increase in climate variability and extreme weather events such as droughts or heavy rains over short periods of time.
Industry, society and agriculture produce greenhouse gases, but also each one suffers the effects of the others. In particular, the agricultural sector is one of the most vulnerable ones and, as climate is one of the productive factors, it becomes crucial to study the adaptive measures that could minimize the impacts of climate change on agriculture. Therefore, a group of researchers from the Universidad de Talca decided to apply for an internal competition to create a program of interdisciplinary research of excellence (PIEI) called Adaptation of Agriculture to Climate Change (A2C2).
The creation of this PIEI at the Universidad de Talca is closely linked to the Millennium Goal number 7: "Ensuring environmental sustainability". This objective was raised by the Government of Chile in its third report prepared on the basis of the agreements reached at the summit of the United Nations, to address the major global development challenges. This report highlights points related to: (i) the use of energy, (ii) emissions of carbon dioxide, (iii) chlorofluorocarbon consumption (CFCs) that deplete the ozone layer, iv) the percentage of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water in urban and rural areas. These topics are directly associated to adverse effects of climate change in our country, as it is water scarcity, a fundamental resource for agriculture, which employs close to 78% of the water resources consumed in the country.
"Improving the scientific and technological knowledge about climate change, through the creation of an interdisciplinary team of researchers to analyze and propose adaptation measures in Mediterranean environment agriculture"
1. Development of new lines of inter-disciplinary research to address the issue of climate change in Mediterranean agriculture.
2. Channel the equipment, human resources and experimental devices in order to develop synergies between the working groups that make up the A2C2 research program.
3. Increase the scientific production of the Universidad de Talca by means of collaborative work between researchers from different areas.
4. Strengthen the training of specialized human resource, capable of developing innovative strategies to mitigate or adapt agriculture to the effects of climate change.
5. Strengthen the scientific exchange between researchers of the program and national and foreign researchers.
6. Increase the number of scientific projects funded by sources external to the Universidad de Talca.
7. Disseminate the climate change program to the national and international community.