Study analyzed the attitude of women in gender equality

The Center for Migration Studies showed differences of opinion between Chilean and Latin American women immigrants in this topic



November 13, 2017

The impact of climate change on the productive systems, and in the quality of life of the people and the urgent need to improve the productive practices, were some of the topics addressed in the V International Congress of Agricultural Economists that was held at the Talca Campus during three days.

Chilean women have a higher level of gender equality awareness that the immigrants from Latin America countries, according to a survey carried out by the Center for Migration Studies.

The study - which considered Chilean and foreign Latin America women older than 18 with at least one year of residence in the country- analyzed how this principle shows up in six different dimensions; values and structure of the couple; public sphere; sexual orientation; religion; sexuality and personal freedom, and private life.

"In general, Chilean women have a higher level of attitude toward gender equality (66.9%) than the Latin American immigrants (52.9%), a result that is consistent with the indicators of gender inequality calculated by the United Nations," said the director of the center, Medardo Aguirre.

The researcher noted that, while it is true that among the nations that are members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), our country still lags in the last place in this area, in all the dimensions assessed, Chileans showed a more favorable attitude in front of the equality than their Latin American counterparts.

"This situation, somehow, can be a reflection of the political and socio-economic changes and transformations of Chilean society. Not in vain Chile is seen as a country with political and economic stability and that in two periods has elected a woman to direct the destinies of the country," he said.

Dimensions

Aguirre revealed that the biggest difference between Chilean and Latin American women are in the area of "values and structure of the couple," an item in which he highlighted the acceptance of our countrywomen of the fact that a woman can have a relationship with someone of less age (85.6%) versus a 59.3% of Latin American women who approve of that type of relationship.

Also significant was the difference that was observed in the public sphere, an aspect in which he emphasized the relevance that the natives of the country give to equality with men in the workplace (91.1%) in contrast to the Latin American women, where only 66.5% mention it as desirable condition.

On the other hand, in the dimensions in which the nationals showed a lower attitude toward gender equality - although still higher than the foreigners- were in the "private matters" and "sexuality and personal freedom".

With respect to the first of these dimensions, half of the Chilean women agreed with that "women are abler than men to take care of children, the sick and the elderly" and the majority agrees that "it is natural that women prioritize home and children", that "they are more concerned about people who are close than political or citizen’s affairs”, and that in marriage there is "a greater loss of independence for women than for men".



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