JOSÉ MIGUEL INSULZA OPENED THE ACADEMIC YEAR IN TALCA
"THE POLITICAL SYSTEM IS IN CRISIS AND THIS IS DUE IN LARGE PART TO THE INEQUALITY THAT EXISTS IN CHILE," SAID THE FORMER SECRETARY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS DURING HIS MASTER CLASS.
April 12, 2016
José Miguel Insulza extensive political experience at the national and international level was evident during the inauguration ceremony of the 2016 academic year of our University. The former Secretary of Internal Affairs and former Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) was the main guest at the event, which brought together authorities from the University, the Region and from various offices of our Academic Institution.
“Towards a New National Project" was the master class dictated by the lawyer, scholar, researcher and current Chile’s agent for Bolivia’s demand before the International Court of Justice, in The Hague, the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.
The former Secretary made an analysis of the current economic and political state of the country, including the educational reforms.
After a report about our University’s management in the training of professionals, in social contribution and in research, President Álvaro Rojas welcomed Insulza, who began his presentation at the Main Hall of the Bicentennial Space of the Talca Campus, after the musical presentation of the Youth Orchestra of the Corporation.
Insulza recalled his previous visits to the institution. "I had not visited this place since I was Secretary of Internal Affairs and I remember having come to explain the scope of the Mercosur. This would be my third time at the Universidad de Talca, not counting when I was a political leader - and this Academic Institution was not yet autonomous - I came for the first time, many years ago," he said.
In his presentation he mentioned inequality, the lack of technological investment and the need for good salaries.
“The growth figures for Chile and the Region were the best during the 2003-2013 period. However, there was not a plan for assessing the times of economic crisis, because of our dependency on the international markets. One of these causes is the low investment in science and technology in the country and the Region, which would have helped to mitigate international recession times", he said.
On the social conflicts in Chile, the former Secretary General of the OAS said that, in addition to the global economic crisis, the problems that the country is experiencing are political, due to lack of confidence from the population. "The political system is in crisis and this is due in large part to the inequality that exists in Chile. Half of the workers are below the average of the “ethical” income and there is a percentage that accumulates disproportionate wealth. Those who came out of poverty with effort, are exposed to go back to it with the crisis we are living", he stressed.
One of the formulas given by Insulza to overcome public distrust, concerns the ethical salary increase and the ability to reach agreements. "The capacity for dialogue and for reaching agreements between the political sectors and the citizens has gradually been lost. In addition, to attack the existing inequality, there should be an ethical salary associated with the per capita income that we have as a country and nations that have less growth than us", he explained.
"Chile continues to be a deeply unequal country," said Insulza to talk about the social conflicts that have been going on. "A few days ago I heard a priest say that the ethical salary should be around 400 thousand pesos. I'm not an economist, but I believe that that is not crazy. I think that it is the least we can demand of a society like ours, which pretends to be democratic," he said.
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